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TH/KBB DATA BlM Of H/THEAS.                                        17
oj doring the early years of British administration, were ihe two most power-
ful chiefs in this' part of the. country. From a report made by tlte Acting
Collector of Aligarh in 1808, we learn that the Mursdn B6j&'s power extended
at that time over the whole of Sa'd&Md and Sonih, while Hat, MaM-ban,
Sonai, Raya Hasangarh, Sahpaii aad Khandauli, were all held hy Ms kinsman
at flathras. Their title, however, does not appear to have been altogether un-
questioned, for the writer goes on to say:—"The valuable and extensive par-
gsoas which they farmed were placed under their authority by Lord Lake, im-
mediately after the conquest of these Provinces ; and they have since continued
in their possession^ as the resumption of them was considered to be calculated
to excite dissatisfaction and as it was an object of temporary policy to conciliate
iiheir confidence.*5
This unwise reluctance 0n ttie part of the- paramount power to enquire into
the validity of the title, by which its vassals held their estates, was naterally
construed as a confession of weakness and hastened the very evils which it
was intended to avert. Both chieftains ckimed to be independent and assumed
so menacing an attitude that it became necessary to dislodge them from their
strongholds ; the climax of Baya Barn's recusancy being his refusal to surren-
der four men charged with murder, A force was despatched against them
under Major-G-eneral Marshall, and Mursin was reduced without difficulty.
But Ha&ras, which was said to be one of the strongest forts in ihe country, its
defences having been improved on the model of those carried out by British
Engineers In the neighbouring fort of AHgarh, had to he subjected to a regular
siege. It was invested on the 21st of February ? 1817. ,Daya Bam, it is said,
was anxious to negotiate, but was prevented from carrying out his intention by
Nek Ram Sinh {Ms son by an oAin concubine), who even mad© an attempt to
IbaYe Ms father assassinated as lie was returning in a litter from ihe English
camp. Hostilitiesj at all events, were coniintted, and on f&e 1st of jsiarch nre
was opened oa the fort from forty-five mortars and three breaching batteries
of heavy guns. On the evening of the same daj © magazine exploded and
caused such geneml devastation that Daya Mm gave up all for lost and fled
sway by night on a little hunting pony, which took* him* tibe whole way to
Bharat»pnr. Inhere Baj& Randtir Sinn declined to ran ihe risk of affording
Mm protection^ aad he coatinaed his flight to Jaypur. His fort was dismantled
and his estates all confiscated, bat he was allowed a pension of Bs. 1,000 a
month for his personal maintenance*
On his deaiih in 1841, he was succeeded by his som, Th4knr G-obirad Sinh,
who at the time of the mutiny in 1857 held only a portion of one Tillage,